Anti-Malarial Drugs: Everything You Need To Know

Anti-Malarial Drugs: Everything You Need To Know

Get Anti-Malarial Drugs in Chelmsford

As the team at Colecross Pharmacy in Chelmsford, Essex, we’re committed to providing our community with essential travel health services. Today, we’re shedding light on a critical aspect of global health – malaria, and the indispensable role of anti-malarial drugs in combating this disease.

Malaria remains one of the most significant public health challenges worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were an estimated 229 million cases of malaria globally in 2019, resulting in approximately 409,000 deaths. Despite advances in prevention and treatment, malaria continues to pose a threat to millions of lives.

Understanding Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites of the Plasmodium species. These parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Once in the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells.

Common symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, sweats, headaches, nausea, and vomiting. In severe cases, it can lead to complications such as organ failure and death, particularly among young children and pregnant women.


what are anti malarial drugs


The Role of Anti-Malarial Drugs

Anti-malarial drugs play a crucial role in the prevention and treatment of malaria. These medications work by targeting the malaria parasites at different stages of their life cycle, thereby preventing their replication and spread within the body.

What are Anti-Malarial Drugs?

There are several medications available for malaria prevention, each with its own benefits and considerations. The choice of medication depends on various factors, including the destination, individual health status, and any pre-existing medical conditions. Here are some of the main types of malaria prevention medications:

Chloroquine (or Hydroxychloroquine): Chloroquine is an antimalarial drug that was widely used for malaria prevention in the past. However, due to widespread resistance in certain regions, its effectiveness has declined. In areas where malaria parasites are still susceptible to chloroquine, it may be used as a prophylactic medication.

Atovaquone-Proguanil (Malarone): Atovaquone-proguanil is a combination medication that is highly effective for malaria prevention. It is well-tolerated and has a convenient once-daily dosing regimen. Malarone is recommended for travellers to areas with chloroquine-resistant malaria.

Doxycycline: Doxycycline is an antibiotic that is also effective for malaria prevention. It is taken daily starting one to two days before travel and continued for four weeks after leaving the malaria-endemic area. Doxycycline is not recommended for pregnant women or children under the age of 8 due to potential side effects.

Mefloquine: Mefloquine is another option for malaria prevention, particularly for travellers to regions with multidrug-resistant malaria parasites. It is taken once a week starting one to two weeks before travel and continued for four weeks after leaving the malaria-endemic area. Mefloquine may not be suitable for individuals with certain medical conditions or psychiatric disorders.

Primaquine: Primaquine is primarily used for the prevention of relapses in individuals infected with Plasmodium vivax or Plasmodium ovale malaria. It is not recommended for primary malaria prevention in most cases.

At Colecross Pharmacy, we understand that choosing the right malaria-prevention medication can be overwhelming. That’s why our knowledgeable pharmacists are here to provide personalised advice and guidance based on your specific needs and travel plans. During a consultation, we’ll review your medical history, destination, and any other relevant factors to help you make an informed decision about the most suitable malaria-prevention medication for you.


malaria prevention medication


Additional Prevention Measures

While malaria prevention medications are highly effective, they should be used in conjunction with other preventive measures to maximise protection against malaria. These measures include:

Mosquito Bite Prevention: Use insect repellents containing DEET, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, and sleep under insecticide-treated bed nets to reduce the risk of mosquito bites.

Environmental Measures: Stay in accommodations with air conditioning or window and door screens, and avoid outdoor activities during peak mosquito feeding times.

Chemical Prophylaxis: Consider treating clothing and gear with permethrin insecticide for added protection against mosquito bites.

Our Commitment to Malaria Prevention

At Colecross Pharmacy, we understand the importance of malaria prevention, especially for travellers visiting malaria-endemic regions. Our team is dedicated to providing personalised advice and recommendations on anti-malarial drugs based on individual risk factors, travel itineraries, and medical history.

We offer a comprehensive range of anti-malarial medications, including both prescription and over-the-counter options. Our pharmacists are trained to assess the specific needs of each customer and ensure they receive the most appropriate and effective anti-malarial regimen.

In addition to providing medications, we also emphasise the importance of other preventive measures, such as mosquito bite prevention strategies and the proper use of bed nets and insect repellents. Education and awareness are key components of our approach to malaria prevention, and we are committed to equipping our customers with the knowledge and tools they need to stay protected.

Get Anti-Malarial Drugs in Chelmsford

Malaria remains a significant global health challenge, but with the right tools and interventions, including anti-malarial drugs, it is a preventable and treatable disease. At Colecross Pharmacy, we are proud to play a role in malaria prevention by providing access to essential medications and resources for our community.

If you have any questions about malaria prevention or anti-malarial drugs, please don’t hesitate to reach out to our team. Together, we can work towards a malaria-free future.